Photo : Laurent Granier

It was in 1924 that the Austrian intellectual Rudolf Steiner first spoke of ‘biodynamics’. This approach uses the concept of the ‘agricultural organism’, which consists of looking at every farm as a living organism, as diverse and as autonomous as possible. Biodynamic farming mainly seeks to strengthen the vitality and resistance of the vines by improving the natural exchanges between the soil and the roots on one hand, and between the sky and the leaves (sunlight, lunar calendar, solar system), on the other. Instead of treating the vines against diseases, the winegrower strives to correct the imbalance that causes them by preserving the life of the soil and stimulating the plant's defence capacities. The ultimate goal is to optimise the expression of the terroir in the grapes and, therefore, in the wine.

Some, like the wine grower Nicolas Joly (La Coulée de Serrant, Savennières-Coulée-de-Serrant), explain that biodynamics consists, more fundamentally, into taking account of and using the energy frequencies (electromagnetic, in this case), that travel through the solar system, the air and the earth to intensify the life of the soil and the plant. ‘What must be understood here, underlines Nicolas Joly, is that life is only a sum of frequencies or rhythms; it is a vibratory world’, and biodynamics will strive to harmonise this set of vibrations and intensify their circulation between the plant, the earth and the sky. To this end, biodynamics takes into account lunar cycles and planetary positions, which have an influence on plant life and growth, as well as on the quality of the must and the wine during vinification. According to Frédéric Duseigneur (Domaine Duseigneur, Lirac), biodynamics will consist of ‘recovering this asset that was swept away by agrochemicals’, an asset that goes back to the beginnings of agriculture, in the Neolithic period, and that lasted until the beginning of the 20th century. ‘Up unto a hundred years ago, farmers felt things in their skin, in their bones.’ It will be a question of recovering the knowledge that has been lost in our time because of agrochemicals, and of finding, at least partially, the ancient knowledge, this understanding that was once global.

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As with organic farming, this type of agriculture bans synthetic products and GMO’s. All the preparations are of natural origin and are spread on the vine and/or the soil in homeopathic doses.

Photo drone : Laurent Granier

Photo credit: From the “Vif” series produced by Productions Bien Joué.

Crédits : captures photos tirées de la série “VIF”, Productions Bien Joué

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